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Sexist violence against minors grows by 29%

A total of 30,141 women were victims of sexist violence in Spain in 2021, which is 3.2% more than in 2020 and the greatest increase occurred among those under 18 years of age, who went from 514 to 661, which represents a 28.6% more than in the previous year. These are the figures that are extracted from the Statistics of Domestic Violence and Gender Violence corresponding to 2021 that the National Institute of Statistics publishes this Tuesday and shows that in that year the victims of both types of violence totaled 38,715 (2.4% more ): 35,359 were women and 3,356 men.

The victims

Regarding gender-based violence, of the 30,141 registered victims corresponding to the cases in which precautionary measures or protection orders had been issued, almost half (47.5%) were between 30 and 44 years old, and in general the mean was 36.9 years.

The greatest increase in the number of victims was registered among women under 18 years of age with 28.6% and that is that if in 2020 there were 514 abused girls, in 2021 there were 661. The greatest decrease occurred among women aged 75 and more years (–11.6%). The rate of victims was 1.4 per 1,000 women aged 14 and over, and the highest values ​​were reached in the age groups 30 to 34 (3.4 victims) and 25 to 29 years (3.3). ).

Two out of every three women (63.3%) had been born in Spain, a similar figure to 2020. The rate of victims per 1,000 women aged 14 and over was almost three times higher in those born abroad (3, 1) than in those born in Spain (1.1) -those from Africa and America the highest-.

The communities with the highest number of victims were Andalusia (6,720), Valencia (4,909) and Madrid (3,624) and those with the least were the autonomous cities of Melilla and Ceuta, and also Navarra. The largest increases were registered in Ceuta (25.8%) and La Rioja (21.7%).

the aggressors

And 30,047 men were registered as reported for gender-based violence in matters with a protection order or precautionary measures issued registered in the Registry, 3.1% more than the previous year, with the largest increases, as happened with the victims , in those under 18 years of age (70.8%) and in the group between 18 and 19 years of age (15.7%).

Specifically, from 72 minors reported in 2020 the following year went to 123 and in the age group from 18 to 19 from 453 to 524. Those reported with 65 years and over, decreased. The mean age of was 39.7 years, and almost half (48.2) were between 30 and 44 years old.

Almost two out of three were born in Spain, although the rate of reports per 1,000 men aged 14 and over was higher in those born abroad (3.4) than in Spain (1.1).

Relations between victim and defendant

According to statistics, in 23.3% of cases the victims were spouses or ex-spouses; 45.2% had a relationship with a partner or ex-partner; in 30.6%, girlfriends or ex-girlfriends; and in 1%, it was in the process of separation.

In 73.8% of the couples, both were between 20 and 49 years old; 53.5%, both were born in Spain; 10.5% in America and in 6.4% the accused was born in Spain and the victim in the American continent.

Criminal offenses and precautionary measures

The INE indicates that in 2021 there were 36,362 criminal offenses attributed to those reported for gender-based violence, 5.8% more and the most frequent were injuries (49.1%), torture and other crimes against moral integrity (21.2%) and threats (15.5%). 93,028 precautionary measures were issued, 2.3% more (73.9% were criminal and 26.1% civil) and the majority were: the prohibition to approach (37%), to communicate (36, 4%) and provisional release (13.4%).

Among the civil precautionary measures, the determination of the maintenance regime (27%) was the most common, followed by the determination of the custody regime (26.3%) and the visitation regime (19.2%).

There were 33,068 convicted, 30% more than in 2020, and 4,263 acquittals (22.2% more).

domestic violence

There were 8,240 victims of domestic violence with a protection order or precautionary measures, which represents a reduction of 0.5% compared to 2020: 61.4% were women, and 38.6% were men.

A total of 5,288 people were reported, 5.2% less than in the previous year: 72.5% were men and 27.5% women. 334 appeared as denounced and victims at the same time. Regarding the type of relationship, in 33.6% of the cases the victims were the father or the mother, in 34.8%, the children, and in 8.7%, the siblings.

This type of violence affected more uniformly, indicates the INE, at all ages, and again the incidence in the group under 18 years stands out, with almost one in three victims (31.6% of the total).

The average age of the victims was 38.8 years. In relative terms, the female victim rate was 0.21 per 1,000 women and the male rate was 0.14 per 1,000 men.

The most frequent rates of victims were among those under 18 years of age, both in women (0.38) and in men (0.26) The number of reported men fell by 4.8% compared to the previous year and that of reported women fell by 6.2%. 53% of the people reported were between 30 and 49 years old; the mean age was 37.6 years.

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