In my previous column, I referred to the fact that the Secretary General of the UN, the Portuguese Antonio Guterres, was late for a possible mediation, between Russia and Ukraine, to achieve a ceasefire, after nine weeks, after his apparent inaction, since the beginning of the Russian invasion. Only the secretary general had implored Vladimir Putin not to invade Ukraine, urging him to withdraw his troops, denouncing a violation of the Charter of the United Nations, since article 2 prohibits the use of force against the territorial integrity or political independence of A state. Guterres’ journey has begun his journey in Istanbul, to then travel to Moscow and then to kyiv. Meanwhile the Ukrainian president has declared “it is a mistake to visit Russia before and Ukraine after”. Why do it? To send me a message from Russia? Perhaps Vladimir Putin will ask Guterres for peacekeeping troops.
Article 2 prohibits the use of force against the territorial integrity
Well, the controversial right of veto of the UN Security Council is currently under pressure and the five permanent members of the Security Council, the United States, China, Russia, France and the United Kingdom, will have to justify, from now, its rejections, according to a recent and surprising decision of the General Assembly. Indeed, the UN General Assembly has just adopted, surprisingly unanimously, a resolution forcing the five permanent members of the Security Council to justify their use of the veto. In my opinion, this is a rare reform, caused by the war between Russia and Ukraine, which has been corroborated by general applause.
Directly targeting the United States, China, Russia, France and the United Kingdom, the only states with the right to veto, the measure has been proposed by the Principality of Liechtenstein, a small member of the UN, characterized by its neutrality, with the aim of pay a very high political price, when the permanent members use the veto, according to statements made by a prominent ambassador of a member state, who has requested anonymity.
Given this surprising measure, it is worth asking whether such a reform, proposed by the Principality of Liechtenstein, will ensure that the five permanent member states of the Security Council use less of the right of veto, provided for in the Charter of the United Nations? o Will it constitute an incentive effect to provoke knowingly to go much further against texts that are unacceptable?
It is very difficult to answer these questions today. Without a doubt, the near future will give us the answer to both questions.