The Government has already put a proposal on the social dialogue table on what the new norm should be like to regulate the training practices carried out by students in companies and organizations, and which will establish the compulsory contribution for all. Specific work in the draft of its proposal to limit the number of interns that can be simultaneously in a company, something that now does not limit the law, although there are agreements that do limit it.
For this, a table has been established based on the size of the company. Thus, the smallest businesses, those that employ a maximum of ten workers, may only have one intern; those between 11 and 30, two; between 31 to 59, three; and from 60 employees, the quota may not exceed 5% of the workforce.
The Executive justifies this prohibition to achieve “adequate tutoring in the development of their practical training activity.” The draft also specifies that “no company tutor may be assigned, simultaneously, more than five people in practical training.”
Limiting the number of fellows is one of the demands of the unions, and, in fact, CCOO has already presented its proposal, more lax than that of the Government. The organization led by Unai Sordo increases the maximum number of interns in companies with up to 20 workers to three, to five in companies with 21 to 50; and in those with more than 50, they must negotiate with the works council, without exceeding 15% of the workforce.
On the contrary, the employers do not see these limits with good eyes, and expressed “certain reluctance” to this measure, according to sources close to the negotiation.
The rest of the questions he raises are left very open, but he does make clear his intention to definitively put an end to the free work of these practices, something very common. “In our country you cannot pay to be a scholarship holder, and this happens,” the second vice president, Yolanda Díaz, denounced yesterday. To do this, it will force companies to pay “all expenses” that the development of work activity causes students (such as travel and maintenance), although it will not necessarily require that there be a minimum wage for this type of contract, although there may be agreements that this is collected.
Although it leaves the amount of the minimum remuneration up in the air, CCOO has already launched a proposal and defends that the salary of between 400,000 and 500,000 interns that may be in Spain is not less than 50% of the public indicator of income of multiple effects ( Iprem), which would place it in 2022 at a monthly minimum of 289.51 euros.