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Depopulation and rural desertification, a worrying reality

Depopulation in rural areas is a reality and a growing problem. In Spain, in 93% of the entire territory only 20% of the population lives, in 53% of the territory, 5%, being this last part of the territory the one that is in a situation of constant depopulation.

According to a UN study, 68% of the world population will be urban in 2050. The population that will inhabit these urban areas will have increased to 2,500 million people worldwide, an increase that will be concentrated in Asia and Africa, according to your forecasts.

Undoubtedly, all this leads us to rural areas that are increasingly depopulated and with an alarming aging population. Thus, the consequences, both economic and social, are serious and represent a huge environmental loss.

It is not possible to imagine our fields without cattle, even without the wild animals that live next to the agricultural and livestock areas. It is not possible to think about the disappearance of the fruit trees, nor of the vineyards; It is not possible to imagine the disappearance of farmers and ranchers, who in addition to their enormous work actively contribute to fire prevention. Let’s not forget that today we also have wild birds such as hawks, owls, owls or little owls that live in rural areas and are closely linked to agriculture; without it, they would be seriously affected by a new change.

Agriculture and livestock also provide us with an enormous sustainable wealth and biodiversity. Its abandonment caused by depopulation leads to our fields being acquired for intensive agriculture, which poses a serious risk of loss of plant cover and, consequently, of biodiversity, as well as greater erosion, main factors that aggravate the consequences of climate change.

What solutions do we have?

Surely, if there are, there are, but one of them, if not the most important, is to promote and encourage activities typical of a business with the relevant changes and adapted to the demands that today’s society demands, based on the extraordinary and enormous quality of its products, capable of generating attraction, interest and need for its inhabitants and the environment. This would cause a pull effect that would help promote the circular wealth of the towns and rejuvenate the populations of rural areas.

Another solution is to promote, with significant real financial aid from our governments, sustainable agricultural and livestock practices, which, as we have already said, contribute to the fight against climate change, the dryness of our aquifers, the increasing loss of our water reserves , etc.

With the much-needed knock-on effect, we could promote the economic, social and vital recovery of our rural areas, which are so important for future generations, largely avoiding a worrying impoverishment of our social classes.

Will we be capable of it? We will see!…

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