The rate of work absenteeism in Catalonia is the seventh lowest in the State and stands at 6.6%, according to the quarterly report Absenteeism and accidents from Adecco Group. Industry is the sector with the highest absenteeism rate in Catalonia, with 7.1%.
When it comes to defining what absenteeism is, the truth is that there is no unanimous definition, but a certain consensus emerges in terms of understanding absenteeism as the absence of a person from his jobin hours that correspond to a working day, within the legal working day.
Asturias, with 7.8%, is the autonomous community with the highest absenteeism rate
A problem for the study and management of absenteeism is that official statistics do not usually provide data that measure it directly. In Spain there is only one official survey (the Quarterly Labor Cost Survey) that offers information on the number of hours worked and not worked, breaking down the latter according to reasons. On this basis, the hours of absenteeism can be estimated, but there are no official estimates of its costs and magnitude.
The disaggregated information on working time allows the effective monthly agreed hours to be calculated. This concept arises from adding, in the first place, the hours agreed upon (in collective agreements or employment contracts) with the overtime hours that may have been carried out. From this total, the hours not worked due to vacations and holidays must be subtracted, as well as the hours not worked due to Temporary Employment Regulation Files (hereinafter, ERTEs). The result is the effective agreed hours.
In addition to working hours for vacations and holidays and for ERTEs, there are many other reasons that cause occasional losses and that are considered absenteeism. The most important of these reasons is the Temporary Disability (IT). Absenteeism is the set of hours not worked for occasional reasons.
Absenteeism is often mistakenly equated with unjustified absences. Although the latter are a part of absenteeism, they are not the most important portion. Also included within absenteeism are, for example, hours not worked due to maternity, paid leave and labor conflict.
This analysis reflects thathe absenteeism rate in Spain for the fourth quarter of 2021 is 6.6%. This figure has not changed compared to the previous quarter of 2021 but it has decreased 0.3 percentage points compared to the same period of the previous year. As for absenteeism due to IT, the rate is 4.9%, a figure that has not changed compared to the previous quarter and that it has decreased 0.4 percentage points with respect to the previous year.
Extremadura is the community with the lowest absenteeism rate in the country, 6.1%
If we analyze the absenteeism rate for each autonomy, we see that Asturias has the highest (of 7.8%), despite its year-on-year reduction of 0.5 points. follows closely Navarrewith a rate of 7.6%. An 7.2% they hold so much Basque Country What The Rioja.
In the middle of the table is Catalonia, which has the seventh lowest absenteeism rate in the country (6.6%) after reducing its absenteeism rate two tenths in the last year and surpassing the Region of Murcia for one hundredth.
At the other end of the table, Estremadura (6.1%) and Andalusia (6.2%) have the lowest absenteeism rates in Spain.
The sector Industry is he most affected by work absenteeism in the fourth quarter of 2021 (6.8%) despite having decreased its rate 0.2 percentage points compared to the previous quarter (6.6%) and 0.1 compared to the fourth quarter of 2020 (6.7%). ).
By contrast, the construction sector is the least affected with a rate of 5.1%. Where absenteeism has grown the most in the last year has been in the Services, which already has a rate of 6.6%.
Taking into account only absenteeism due to temporary disability, it can be seen that the industry sector continues to be the most affected, with a rate of 5.1%.
If it breaks down the rate of Catalonia by sectors it is observed that for the industrial sector, this autonomous community has an absenteeism rate of 7.1%. Under construction, its rate stands at 5.1% and in the Services its absenteeism rate is 6.5%, the only sector in which it is reduced.
Cantabria, Aturias, La Rioja and Navarra are the communities with the highest absenteeism in the industrial sector, reaching 7.9%, 7.8%, 7.7% and 7.7% respectively.